Ladakh Tourism Guide


For the uninitiated, Ladakh is a region located in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India. The city lies on the Leh-Srinagar highway and is little more than 400 km from Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir. Irrespective of where you come from or whatever faith you practice, Ladakh provides something for everyone.  Tourists love this place all year round.

Unarguably, one of the most beautiful places on Earth, Ladakh, located in the northern reaches of India, is a place ripe with sights to delight and nature to astound you. A number of tourist destinations cannot be missed in your Leh and Ladakh tourism guide—Tso Moriri, Nubra Valley, Pangong Tso, Siachen Glacier, Shanti Stupa.

These places in Leh and Ladakh tour packages make tourism one of the most beautiful experiences.  The magnificent mountains and mesmerising lakes will take your breath away. This beautiful region has a diverse topography: lush green valleys and glacial lakes, rustic villages, and astounding Gompas. It lets you escape your busy life and is the perfect destination to rejuvenate yourself.

Along with the natural beauties, Ladakh tourism offers a rich cultural experience. The people, the culture, and the environment all blend into a harmony that gives you a rich experience. 

The climate of Ladakh varies according to region and season. In general, the months between July and September are considered summer months, when the weather is pleasant in the entire region. 

One of the most sought-after tourist destinations, the crown jewel of northern India, largely unexplored and undiscovered, Ladakh is a magical experience for any tourist. 

Post COVID-19, Ladakh is open for all domestic as well as international tourists upon the production of a negative RT-PCR report taken no more than 96 hours prior or a double vaccination certificate at least 15 days old. Strict safety and security precautions are in place with the mask mandate, necessary social distancing norms, and regulatory curfews in certain parts of the region. 

Ladakh Tourism Information
Official Language Tibetan
Also Known as Garden City
Currency Indian Rupee (INR)
Time Zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Area 117 Square Kilometer
Best known for Trekking, Rafting and Tibetan Handicraft
Things To Do Camp At Pangong Tso, White-Water Rafting And Trekking
Places To Visit Zanskar Valley, Nubra Valley And Magnetic Hill

Ladakh Geography

The largest province of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, is a high-altitude land with beautiful deserts, mountains, deep valleys, and picturesque landscapes. 

The city of Ladakh is situated between the Himalayas and the Karakoram Mountains, near the borders of India, China, and Pakistan. It is seated at an altitude of over 11,000 feet above sea level. The district houses the Zanskar Mountains, one of the highest mountain ranges in the world, at 7756 metres (25,446 ft), in the south. Further east, the Ladakh Mountains rise in tiers from a central valley through which the Indus River flows. It is bounded on the north by the Stod Valley.

Climate in Ladakh

The word ‘Ladakh,’  known in Tibetan as ‘La-dvags,’ means ‘the land of high passes.’ With an average height of more than ten thousand feet and numerous snow-capped peaks and glaciers, Ladakh is a high-altitude cold desert.

The region boasts of a unique climatic condition. Ladakh, one of the highest regions of the world, experiences sub-zero temperatures during winter. Nighttime temperatures remain below -5°C most of the time during winter. Winters remain chilly, with snowfall common between December and February, which happens to be the best time to visit Ladakh if you love the winters.

Due to its difference in altitude, climate, culture, and history from the mainland, this geographical area has emerged as one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. 

Ladakh Culture

Primarily occupied by Buddhists and Muslims, the main language spoken here is Ladakhi, although it has a touch of Urdu and Tibetan influence too. The culture of Ladakh is distinct from the rest of the country. It has a unique blend of Tibetan, Central Asian, and Indian cultures. This amalgamation is attributed to the high altitude and remoteness of the region.

The region is predominantly characterised by the traditions of the Nambardar (commonly referred to as Chamba'i in the region) Order. This social group follows a strict and regimented system of hierarchies and ranks. The Nambardar were once part of an order that included household servants and military elites.

Ladakh has a rich cultural heritage of folk dance and folk songs. Their day-to-day life is filled with folk songs and dance. Their folk dance is known for colourful costumes and gentle movements. During festivals, the Changthang people perform the Jabro Dance. The Shon dance is performed on every festive occasion.

Folk dance forms, music, cuisines, and festivals are the main highlights of the place:

  • There are many folk dance and song forms of Ladakh. Some folk dance forms like Changura, Sumda Kailash, Tingsha Tungnak, Mugal, and Jogia are performed by all the age groups in Ladakh. Folk songs that you can listen to and enjoy in Ladakhi style range from themes of social issues to common day-to-day events.

  • Popular music includes Chushur, Than, and Gurnak songs. Chushur is a local song form popular among children, whereas Than is an oral song among the Buddhist monasteries. Gurnak is a form of dance music, and also a vital part of the social and cultural life of Ladakhis during festivals.

  • The cuisine here has Tibetian, Indian, and Chinese influences and includes dishes like Thukpa (a noodle-based soup), Chuttagi (literally translating to water bread), Tingmo (steamed Tibetan bread), Chhurpe (dried yak cheese), and butter tea.

  • The festivals here are a sight for sore eyes and include the Losa Festival, Hemis Festival, Dosmochey Festival, and Spituk Gustor.

Ladakh is an extremely beautiful and historically important tourist destination in India. The region is popularly known as the ‘Land of Monasteries’ owing to the high number of monasteries and guest houses it holds that date back to 600 AD.

Ladakh Tourism Tips

Ladakh holds high plateaus, big mountain ranges, sand dunes, and the cold desert in its hall of fame. With mountain passes comprising an important part of the landscape, it may just be the perfect destination for mountain lovers and trekkers.

Ladakh is a mysterious land with scenic beauty that is hard to find anywhere else. Whether you are looking for adventure sports or want to enjoy the natural beauty, there are plenty of activities you can do and places you can visit.

Some of the most popular places to visit in Ladakh are:

  • Tso Moriri: Located in the beautiful Nubra Valley, Tso Moriri is a picture-perfect lake. It offers a desert setting with mountains and scenic sunset. 

  • Nubra Valley: Also famous for its fruit orchards, the valley offers the landscape of mountains and meadows. Here, you can meet the Kalash community, Buddhist people in the valley, and even do horseback riding.

  • Pangong Tso: A two-pronged lake surrounded by mountains, Pangong Tso is no less than a dream come true for people who have long been fascinated with lakes and mountains.

  • Siachen Glacier: The world’s highest battlefield, Siachen Glacier is a thing of beauty, situated in a narrow valley with plenty of lakes and Indian and Pakistani soldiers manning their high-altitude posts.

  • Shanti Stupa: Situated in a tiny town alongside the city of Leh, Shanti Stupa is a hilltop Chorten that offers beautiful views of the mountains across the Leh district.

Ladakh is located in India's northernmost region and is the gateway to some of the world's highest mountains, such as K2, Nanga Parbat, and the whole Karakoram region. Ladakh tourism is famous for its remote culture and monastic traditions, alpine landscape and natural beauty, and most of all, its friendly people.

Ladakh FAQs

Is Ladakh open post COVID-19?

Yes, Ladakh is open, but it is recommended that you follow all safety precautions such as following the mask mandate, maintaining social distancing, getting a vaccination certificate, and testing yourself regularly.

Is Ladakh safe for travel?

Yes, Ladakh is indeed safe for travel. The people are hospitable, and government organisations help tourists.

Do I need medical clearance to trek in Ladakh?

Most treks in Ladakh will require medical clearance, however not all. It is best to check for your trip beforehand.

How many days are needed for tourism in Ladakh?

It is recommended that you dedicate at least one week to seeing Ladakh and all the areas that surround it. If you would like to include Leh as well, you should estimate for another 5–10 days.

When does it snow in Ladakh?

During the winter months between December and February, Ladakh experiences light to heavy snowfall. The temperatures range between –2°C and –14°C. If you are visiting then, it is strongly recommended that you prepare for the cold accordingly.


Language Spoken


Currency used:

Indian Rupee


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Do’s and Don’t

The following are some travel tips, do's and dont's to keep in mind during Ladakh trip.


• Check the weather conditions before you travel.

• Carry plenty of water to stay hydrated as this is very important at high altitudes. 

• Remember to pack the right clothes when you are travelling to Ladakh. Cotton wear, woollens, thermals, sturdy walking shoes and sunglasses.

• Remember to pack extra batteries for your camera and mobile phone as electricity can be a problem.

• Wear appropriate clothes when you are visiting Buddhist monasteries.


• Avoid carrying plastic bags as these are banned in Ladakh.

• Don’t take photographs of monks without taking their permission first.

More about Ladakh Tourism

Things to Do in Ladakh Best Time to Visit Ladakh How to Reach Ladakh Places to Visit in Ladakh Food in Ladakh Festivals & Events in Ladakh Ladakh Tourism Packages

Popular Tourist Places in Ladakh

Zanskar Valley Nubra Valley Spituk Gompa Hemis National Park Magnetic Hill Khardung La Pass

Popular Tourist Activities in Ladakh

Visit Nubra Valley Walk Through the Leh Palace Attend the Hemis Festival Try the Hot Butter Tea Camp at Pangong Tso Trek through Suru Valley Do the Chadar Trek

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